Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences

BOOK REVIEW
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 258--259

Medicinal plants for longevity: Evidence based Rasāyana approach of Ayurveda


Kamleshwar Singh, N Shiddamallayya, B Venkateshwarlu 
 Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Kamleshwar Singh
Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, New Delhi
India




How to cite this article:
Singh K, Shiddamallayya N, Venkateshwarlu B. Medicinal plants for longevity: Evidence based Rasāyana approach of Ayurveda.J Drug Res Ayurvedic Sci 2021;6:258-259


How to cite this URL:
Singh K, Shiddamallayya N, Venkateshwarlu B. Medicinal plants for longevity: Evidence based Rasāyana approach of Ayurveda. J Drug Res Ayurvedic Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Aug 15 ];6:258-259
Available from: http://www.jdrasccras.com/text.asp?2021/6/4/258/345393


Full Text



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According to the 2019 World Population Prospects (Population Division of the UN), by 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65 (16%), up from one in 11 in 2019 (9%). The world’s population is aging. Population aging is the twenty-first century’s dominant demographic phenomenon. Aging is an enigmatic and progressive biological process, which undermines the normal functions of living organisms with time. Aging has been conspicuously linked to dietary habits, whereby dietary restrictions and antioxidants play a substantial role in slowing the aging process. Plants and their inherent components are well known to show antioxidant potentials, such as carotenoids, flavonoids, and vitamins, that aid in the prevention and treatment of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species)-associated chronic conditions. These supplements have antagonistic effects against the degenerative and inflammatory processes in the body and show beneficial effects on the immune and digestive system, hence improving the quality of life. Some of the herbal plants like Brāhmī possess compounds known as adaptogens proven for maintaining homeostasis and stabilizing the physiological processes in humans. These compounds reduce cellular sensitivity to stress and improve the ability of the body to resist the damage from other risk factors; moreover, they also help in restoring and promoting normal physiological function.

The book titled as Medicinal Plants for Longevity Evidence based Rasāyana approach of Ayurveda was published by Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) in 2019. This publication presents a concise description of 25 medicinal plants attributed to Rasāyana (rejuvenation) property. Ayurveda through its specialty branch Rasāyanatantra encompasses geriatric health care/Jarācikitsā to improve quality life in the ageing population especially by involving supplementation of medicinal plants possessing āyuṣya/āyuṣyakara properties (adapatogenic, antioxidant).

The introductory chapter of the book explores the understanding of Rasāyana (rejuvenation) approach of Ayurveda with special emphasis on geriatrics. The proceeding chapter presents the concise descriptive account of individual medicinal plants in dedicated subchapters in a lucid way. Each subchapter comprises medicinal plant description, Ayurvedic name, botanical name and family, regional names, part used, major chemical constituents, Ayurvedic properties (Guṇa, Rasa, Vīrya, Vipāka, and Karma from classical Ayurvedic literature), therapeutic indications, important formulations, and pharmacological studies along with clinical studies. Ayurvedic properties and therapeutic indications are sourced from different volumes of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (1986, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2011), whereas important formulations mentioned are from Ayurvedic Formulary of India (2000 and 2003). The book extends to offer a rich pictorial presentation of medicinal plant in natural habitat, its useful part, and herbarium sheet. Pharmacological studies (antioxidant activity, antistress activity, nootropic activity etc.) and various clinical studies of medicinal plants are also presented in each subchapter.

 Salient Features of the Book



The book offers understanding of Rasāyana approach of geriatric health care and increased longevity of aging populations.

The book details 25 medicinally important plants such as Aparājitā Brāhmī,Guḍūcī Punarnavā etc. which are carefully selected based on their utmost Ayurvedic importance in Rasāyanatantra.

Each medicinal plant has a dedicated subchapter with lucid details on botanical description and Ayurvedic description, and pharmacological and clinical studies sourced from classical Ayurvedic literature, Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API), Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI), Quality Standards of Indian Medicinal Plants and from various scientific databases.

Each subchapter incorporates a rich visual presentation of medicinal plant photographs viz., plant in natural habitat, part used, and herbarium sheet.

 Way Forward



Undoubtedly the book offers the important medicinal plants description in a concise manner and offers a rich pictorial experience that enhances its usability and may serve as a ready reference to clinicians, academics, and scientists in Ayurveda and related sciences. The publication’s importance can be enhanced by including some of the additional details such as detailed botanical description, phytochemistry, and some pharmacognostic data in its further edition.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.