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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 150-161

Yava (Hordeum vulgare L.) as a Pathya (wholesome diet): A memoir from classical texts of Ayurveda

Department of Dravyaguna, Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seema Harshadbhai Kathavadiya
Department of Dravyaguna, Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), Jamnagar, Gujarat.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdras.jdras_70_21

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Right diet is the essence of disease prevention and the foundation of a healthy and happy life. A properly selected diet and diet plan plays a critical importance in the management of any disease. The usage of Yava or barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) both as Pathya (wholesome) and Aushadha (medicine) is established in ancient texts and modern research experiments. Yava is in practice since time immemorial due to its rich nutritional entities and various therapeutics benefits. The present review details Rasapanchaka (five attributes of dravya beginning with rasa), Rogaghnata (therapeutic indication) and utility of Yava as a Pathya depicted in Samhita, Sangrahagranth, Nighantu, and Rasagrantha. Yava is advocated as Pathya in 117 different disease conditions, nine swastha condition, and during the treatment course of six other medications. A total of 108 Ahara Kalpana (food dietetics preparations) of Yava has been found, among them 95 Ahara Kalpana having internal uses, 12 Ahara Kalpana having external uses and one Ahara Kalpana having both internal and external uses. It is found to be used in Swastha and 48 different disease conditions among them maximum formulations have been found in Prameha, Trushna, Jwara, Kasa, etc. Yava is contraindicated in persons suffering from Amlapita (dyspesia), Grahani (malabsorption syndrome), and during the administration of Gandhaka rasayana. Yava is highly useful grain which should be consumed to promote health of individual and prevent disease conditions.

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