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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 128-140

Venerated and medicinal aspects of plants used in India: An ethnobotanical review


1 Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India; Department of Botany, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
2 Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
3 Department of Botany, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Suresh Kumar
Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdras.jdras_15_21

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Plants have always been the backbone of the entire ecosystem of life. Humans depend upon plants not only for fulfilling their basic needs but also for spiritual activities. Their significance has been attributed to their social importance. However, with modernization, these very traditional cultures and practices are increasingly at risk of extinction. Their associations with faith and religious practices have always been a boon for the conservation of plants and the entire ecosystem depends on it. India is a nation of rich cultural heritage, since ages, it has always emphasized the significance of plants in sacred texts and scriptures. Our ancestors linked divinity with several plants for their conservation and categorized them as sacred plants because of their miraculous medicinal properties. This situation reflects that though the knowledge of the medicinal value of the plants has vanished, it is still practiced in their religious culture. The study attempts to analyze both the religious and medicinal aspects of 21 plants on the basis of their analogous use across the subcontinent with respect to religions and shared beliefs which got incorporated in our culture because of their diverse benefits, making a divine way for the protection of nature and culture. This study shall stress the importance of ethnobotany and help in the constitution of realistic conservation strategies aiding sustainable development. The enlisted medicinal plants reveal ancient practices that have been scientifically accurate in terms of health and holistic lifestyle, promoting the sustainable use of plants for the betterment of the environment.


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